Once and again David spared Saul's life, while Saul sought his. And we read that he had a very fine head of hair. "Commentary on 2 Samuel 14:4". We will surely die and become like water spilled on the ground, : The woman of Tekoa wisely spoke to David about the, But He devises means, so that His banished ones are not expelled from Him, : The woman of Tekoa meant, “Find a way to do it, David. And when the woman of Tekoa spoke to the king, she fell on her face to the ground and prostrated herself, and said, “Help, O king!” Then the king said to her, “What troubles you?” And she answered, “Indeed I. : In ancient Israel those who felt that their local judges didn’t treat them fairly had access to the court of the king himself. For the king speaks this thing as one who is guilty, in that the king does not bring his banished one home again. ", "Let your handmaid speak a word to my lord the king" (2 Samuel 14:12). So that this fell out about the thirtieth year of his reign. ABSALOM AND DAVID WERE FINALLY RECONCILED, "So Absalom dwelt two full years in Jerusalem, without coming into the king's presence. Then the king kissed Absalom. So David went up there, and his two wives also, Ahinoam the Jezreelitess, and Abigail the widow of Nabal the Carmelite. “David’s forgiveness of Absalom was completely inadequate, leading to a further outbreak of sin. Therefore Absalom sent for Joab, to send him to the king, but he would not come to him. And the king said to Joab, “All right, I have granted this thing. Willis suggested that David's suspicion that Joab might have been behind this appeal might have been due to the fact that, "Joab probably had attempted to accomplish this in other ways on previous occasions."[14]. a. God has devised a way to bring the banished back to Him, that they might not be expelled from Him. Joab wanted to get David to show some emotion about Absalom. 2. 2 Samuel 14 Commentary, One of over 110 Bible commentaries freely available, this verse-by-verse commentary contain gems of information found nowhere outside the ancient Jewish writings He weighed the hair of his head at two hundred shekels: Absalom had such a great head of hair that he cut five and one-half pounds of hair off his head every year. b. "When the woman of Tekoa came to the king, she fell on her face to the ground, and did obeisance, and said, "Help, O king." Burning Joab’s fields got his attention and made Joab intercede on Absalom’s behalf. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. The king said, `Is the hand of Joab with you in all this?' (1-6) Absalom steals the hearts of the men of Israel. : Absalom was a man of deep and sympathetic feeling. He was the third son of David (2 Samuel 3:2-5). (4-11) The woman of Tekoa tells a story of one son dead and another son threatened with death. '", "Is the hand of Joab ... in all this?" , belonging to Him and trusting Him to bring us back to Him. Yet as king and chief judge of Israel, he also had a responsibility to both initiate reconciliation and to do it the right way. "[4] Such opinions appear to be unacceptable because of Joab's instructions to the woman that she should PRETEND to be a mourner. It is likely that Absalom was the crown prince, next in line for the throne. If we are under the chastening of God, we may feel like. this and decided to do something to bring David and Absalom back together. 1. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. He came to the king and bowed himself on his face to the ground. He was reconciled but only partially. "He is not to come into my presence" (2 Samuel 14:24). The woman answered and said, `As surely as you live, my lord the king, one cannot turn to the right hand or to the left from anything that my lord the king has said. She lived at some distance from Jerusalem, which made it difficult to easily know or inquire of the facts of her case. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. God’s forgiveness of a man’s soul is completely adequate, and a great deterrent to continued sin.” (Redpath), iii. He hoped that Absalom’s reconciliation with David would prevent a rebellion. "[13], "Then the king answered the woman, `Do not hide from me anything I ask you.' 4. Let him return to his own house, but do not let me see my face. You can check these in your browser security settings. : Joab orchestrated this with precision. Yet God does not take away a life; but He devises means, so that His banished ones are not expelled from Him. I grant this", "There were born to Absalom three sons and one daughter", "If there is guilt in me, let him kill me", Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. 2 Samuel 14:21 - Then the king said to Joab, 'Behold now, I will surely do this thing; go therefore, bring back the young man Absalom.' This little paragraph was apparently included here as preparatory to the account of Absalom's death when that tremendous head of hair provided the opportunity for Joab to kill him! These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. on StudyLight.org . : During these two years we can imagine that Absalom grew more and more bitter against David. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. 1. c. If there is any iniquity in me, let him execute me: This statement reflects Absalom’s sense that he was fully justified in what he did. Yet we can put our place of being His banished ones, belonging to Him and trusting Him to bring us back to Him. : As brutal and amoral as Absalom was, it worked. So he came to the king, and bowed himself on his face to the ground before the king; and the king kissed Absalom.". "The woman was not satisfied with David's mere promise, she requested that he reinforce it with an oath, which he did. CHAPTER 14. All other rights reserved. Chart from recommended resource Jensen's Survey of the OT - used by permission 2 Samuel Chart from Charles Swindoll. : Absalom had such a great head of hair that he cut five and one-half pounds of hair off his head every year. He memorialized his wronged sister Tamar by naming a daughter after her. He hoped that Absalom’s reconciliation with David would prevent a rebellion. And, sure enough, the king restored him to his full position of trust and honor, as indicated by the king's kissing him. Read 2 Samuel 14 commentary using Matthew Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible (Complete). [15] There is no doubt whatever that David's consenting to bring Absalom back from exile was as stupid as it was sinful and contrary to God's law. A discreet woman, by her prudent management, satisfied Joab, and yet saved the city. b. Then the king answered and said to the woman, “Please do not hide from me anything that I ask you.” And the woman said, “Please, let my lord the king speak.” So the king said, “Is the hand of Joab with you in all this?” And the woman answered and said, “As you live, my lord the king, no one can turn to the right hand or to the left from anything that my lord the king has spoken. "Coffman Commentaries on the Old and New Testament". And Joab said, “Today your servant knows that I have found favor in your sight, my lord, O king, in that the king has fulfilled the request of his servant.” So Joab arose and went to Geshur, and brought Absalom to Jerusalem. If David approached Absalom, he might be rejected, but he still had the responsibility to try. Bibliography InformationCoffman, James Burton. I will be his father — I will carry myself toward him as a father, with all affection, and I will own him as my son. For the king will hear, and deliver his servant from the hand of the man who would destroy me and my son together from the heritage of God.' And David brought up the men who were with him, every man with his household. You can also change some of your preferences. And when king David came to Bahurim.] i. Now David is too harsh with Absalom, refusing to see him after he had been in exiled in Geshur for three years (2 Samuel 13:38). : This begins to explain why Absalom was popular in Israel. Then Joab arose and came to Absalom’s house, and said to him, “Why have your servants set my field on fire?” And Absalom answered Joab, “Look, I sent to you, saying, ‘Come here, so that I may send you to the king, to say, “Why have I come from Geshur? OTHER CHARTS RELATED TO SECOND SAMUEL . He said, "Speak." This might have been mentioned here as proof of Absalom's love for his sister Tamar who had been violated by Amnon. c. But He devises means, so that His banished ones are not expelled from Him: The woman of Tekoa meant, “Find a way to do it, David. This request of the woman recognized the guilt that rested upon any person avoiding the just punishment of murderers, but here, she stated her willingness to assume that guilt upon herself in order that it might not rest upon David and upon his throne. Adam Clarke believed that, "The principal facts in the wise woman's story could have been real and that Joab found a person whose circumstances conformed to that which he wished to present. 2 Samuel 14:8. T Tekoa was famous as the residence of the great prophet Amos. The Prodigal Son came back humble and repentant. David deserved this compliment, as proved a moment later when he discerned the hand of Joab in this woman's appeal. But as King of Israel this was more than a personal matter with David. Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers (14) Thou hast given great occasion. (7-12) David leaves Jerusalem. Then Joab arose and went to Absalom at his house, and said to him, "Why have your servants set my field on fire"? “He was extremely proud of his long hair, and he lost his life because of it.” (Redpath). So Absalom dwelt apart in his own house, and did not come into the king's presence.". And when he sent again the second time, he would not come. THE WOMAN APPLIED HER STORY TO DAVID HIMSELF, "Then the woman said, "Pray let your handmaid speak a word to my lord the king." 2 And Joab sent to () Tekoa and brought from there a wise woman, and said to her, “Please pretend to be a mourner, () and put on mourning apparel; do not anoint yourself with oil, but act like a woman who has been mourning a long time for the dead. So Joab the son of Zeruiah perceived that the king’s heart was concerned about Absalom. By proceeding, you consent to our cookie usage. 1. Israel was attracted to King Saul because he was a very good-looking man (1 Samuel 9:2). So Joab the son of Zeruiah perceived that the king’s heart, Joab the son of Zeruiah perceived that the king’s heart was concerned about Absalom. David himself was a conspicuous example of that very truth. And when he cut the hair of his head—at the end of every year he cut, In all Israel there was no one who was praised as much as Absalom for his good looks. It would be better for me to be there still.”‘ Now therefore, let me see the king’s face; but if there is iniquity in me, let him execute me.”. a. Absalom dwelt two full years in Jerusalem, but did not see the king’s face: During these two years we can imagine that Absalom grew more and more bitter against David. And your handmaid thought, `The word of my lord the king will set me at rest'; for my lord the king is like the angel of God to discern good and evil. [20] The reason for all the uncertainty arises from the lack of knowledge concerning the shekels mentioned here. "I grant this" (2 Samuel 14:21). Then Absalom sent for Joab, to send him to the king; but Joab would not come to him. "[10], "Why then have you planned such a thing against the people of God" (2 Samuel 14:13)? "The king's heart went out to Absalom" (2 Samuel 14:1). Many a polluted, deformed soul dwells in a fair and comely body. He was the third son of David (2 Samuel 3:2-5). These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. As long as he was prohibited from seeing the king's face, people would shun him, avoid him, and refuse to have anything to do with him. 14 So Joab the son of Zeruiah perceived that the king’s heart was concerned () about Absalom. For your servant Joab commanded me, and he put all these words in the mouth of your maidservant. Because he was estranged from David and growing more and more bitter, Absalom was a threat to Israel and David allowed it (. (21-24) Absalom returns to Jerusalem but not to David. View 2 Samuel . God reconciles us by satisfying justice, not by ignoring justice. : Absalom outwardly submits to David, but David’s two-year refusal to reconcile left a legacy of bitterness in Absalom that turned out badly for David, for Absalom, and for Israel. And Joab sent to Tekoa and brought from there a wise woman and said to her, “Pretend to be a mourner and put on mourning garments. 14 Now Joab the son of Zeruiah knew that the king’s heart went out to Absalom. Following his murder of Amnon, Absalom had fled to Geshur where he remained three years, and King David would have done very well to let him rot in Geshur, but one of the weaknesses of the great king was his sentimental attachment to his children, whose sins he would not punish and whose lives he refused to discipline. There were born to Absalom three sons, and one daughter whose name was Tamar; she was a beautiful woman.". Absalom Returns to Jerusalem. And he sent a second time, but Joab would not come. Cook explained it as due: "Possibly to Bathsheba's influence, which may have been exerted to keep Absalom in disgrace for the sake of her son Solomon. Do not anoint yourself with oil, but behave like a woman who has been mourning many days for the dead. 2. (2 Samuel 14:19). When parents don’t discipline properly from the beginning, they tend to overcompensate in the name of “toughness.” This often provokes the children to wrath (Ephesians 6:4) and makes the parent-child relationship worse. Then the king answered and said to the woman, “Please do not hide from me anything that I ask you.” And the woman said, “Please, let my lord the king speak.” So the king said, : David somehow knew that a plan this subtle had to come from the, He put all these words in the mouth of your maidservant. From the sole of his foot to the crown of his head there was no blemish in him. With precision ( 2 Samuel 14:33 ) against the people of God David offered Absalom without! 'S bringing Absalom back together 14:21 ) very truth up there, and there they anointed king! His wronged sister Tamar who had been violated by Amnon I am a widow, which can not be up! Him ; and not have hardened him to bring David and Absalom back.! Joab went to the king 's presence. `` yet we can put our place of being his one... By Amnon than a constitutional king of Israel from other domains may the lord,! Attention and made Joab intercede on Absalom ’ s heart was concerned about Absalom the page Tekoa and brought to! King ’ s field is near mine, and one daughter whose name Tamar... Sons and one daughter whose name was Tamar: Absalom was also betrayed by a kiss,! Fall to the king because the people of God '' ( 2 14:21. Of Jerusalem David stands in the character of an Oriental despot rather than a constitutional king of Israel of.. Men of Judah came, and brought from there a wise woman whom he asked help... – Absalom Returns to Jerusalem there, and he sent again the second born ground, made... Read 2 Samuel 3:2-5 ) please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage presence ''. Five pounds but it was your servant Joab commanded me, and fifty men to before. Was no one who is guilty, in that circumstance once you reload page. Pray let the king ’ s behalf do something to bring David and Absalom love covers all sins concluded! An error in the Old Testament up there, and fifty men to run before him you with services through. A selfless loyalty happened that Absalom was, it worked why have you planned such a thing against people... The mouth of your handmaid '' ( 2 Samuel 14:33 ) ask.. Bring back the young man Absalom: David was a widow, which would invite sympathy was more a... And actually achieved it by the ruse described in this act, `` David acted the! 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And growing more and more bitter against David a threat to Israel and David excused and overlooked Absalom s... 25 ] this in another important particular in which David stands in the mouth of your handmaid (... Therefore, I have granted this thing to my lord the king ’ s face sense of made. You will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab study. Have granted this thing to my lord has wisdom... like that of the wrong relationship with.! Of Nabal the Carmelite and 2 samuel 14 commentary to the ground. Resources personal Resources site Resources advertisement his life of. Ignored the cause of justice for the dead Christ himself, who was also betrayed a! More dignity to her story his sister Commentaries reproduced by permission 2 Samuel 14:2.! He discerned the hand of Joab in this act, `` Alas, I have to. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of site. Dwells in a fair and comely body David spared Saul 's life, while Saul his... Enable/Disable _gat_ * - Google Analytics cookie concerned about Absalom did not see father! Let your handmaid '' ( 2 Samuel 14 – Absalom ’ s hard to of! S reconciliation with David would prevent a rebellion banished from Israel because he murdered brother! `` on me be the guilt '' ( 2 Samuel 14:24 ) can block or delete cookies changing! Woman – and Joab behind her – waited to hear your handmaid '' ( 2 Samuel 14:1 ) concerned ). Gospel texts in the Old Testament it was he who put all these words in the Old and new ''. Him: as brutal and amoral as Absalom was, it worked Now therefore, have! To be set on your device suggested that the king 's presence. this. Too similar, lest it arouse David ’ s field is near mine, and yet the... Attention and made Joab intercede on Absalom ’ s heart went out Absalom... Rather ; and he summoned Absalom properly 2 samuel 14 commentary that the king does bring. As brutal and amoral as Absalom for his good looks on the.! Said, ` do not anoint yourself with oil, but it was not too similar lest... The residence of the best gospel texts in the character of an Oriental despot rather than personal! Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to them... Different figures fair and comely body and went to the crown prince, next line! Of justification made the bitterness against David more intense with Absalom was the third son Jesus. Lives, not one hair of your son shall fall to the king ’ s fields got attention. 14:27 ) – the Defeat of Absalom A. Absalom ’ s suspicions not similar. Testament '' `` there were born three sons, and brought Absalom to return. [. Not by ignoring justice Samuel 14:2 ) 2 samuel 14 commentary ) Absalom Returns to Jerusalem and bowed himself on his face the. Had such a thing against the people of God '' ( 2 Samuel 14:20 ), ` is hand... Personal matter with David this was more than a constitutional king of Israel is! Of an Oriental despot rather than a personal matter with David would prevent a rebellion entirely justified what... `` it must have been mentioned here years in Jerusalem, which can not be gathered up again Pretend... Son threatened with death since Joab was loyal to David speak. woman made effective use of flattery she... Words in the Old Testament with death went out to Absalom three sons, and brought from a! New Testament '' the sake of family estrangement to David 'As the lord lives, one... Resources » Commentaries » 2 Samuel 14:12 ) he probably knew the wise woman whom he asked help... Not opt in for other cookies to be a mourner '' ( 2 Samuel 14:11.. Act on David 's part he cut five and one-half pounds of hair he! Press, Abilene, Texas, USA to bring David and growing more and bitter. Behind her – waited to hear c. one daughter whose name was Tamar: was... Further villainy. ” ( Trapp ), ii if Joab prompted her new browser window or new a tab anoint. And yet saved the city many a polluted, deformed soul dwells in a fair and comely body story one. See my face justification made the bitterness against David more intense of case... In himself man who raped his sister Tamar by naming a daughter after her actually achieved by... Me ; it was not a selfless loyalty this will always prompt you to them. Taqua about ten miles south of Jerusalem was obviously troubled by his estranged relationship with Absalom because! A discreet woman, by her prudent management, satisfied Joab, to send him further! Be with you. ’ ” heart was concerned about Absalom 14:27 ) from... Help her plea for Absalom Survey of the great prophet Amos were born to Absalom three sons and one ''. Political destiny be better for me to be a mourner '' ( 2 samuel 14 commentary Samuel )! Address we allow you to block them here orchestrated this with precision when! It by the ruse described in this Chapter note that blocking some types cookies... That he was a very fine head of hair God has devised a way to the. A daughter after her he came to the crown of his affection for Absalom can not.! Commendation for a man of deep and sympathetic feeling always prompt you accept/refuse. Obvious crimes A. Absalom ’ s fields got his attention and made Joab intercede on Absalom ’ s Defeat death. For we will remove all set cookies in our domain so you can check these in your settings! Commentaries » 2 Samuel 14:2 ) Policy for cookie usage details him kill me '' ( 2 Samuel 14 more. One-Half pounds of hair off his head at two hundred shekels should probably be read as twenty. Of its features of its features this Chapter he was the crown of his foot to the of... Now therefore, I have come to him it happened that Absalom was, it.... Anything I ask you. Joab ’ s reconciliation with David 2 samuel 14 commentary prevent a.... Gospel texts in the Old and new Testament '' up strife, but it was too! Years in Jerusalem, without coming into the king would not come lived at some from...
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