This is one of those common species that shouldn't be. Commercial chital fish farming is popular in some South Asian countries. The authors would also like to express their sincere gratitude to Sandra E. Shumway, Editor-in-Chief, Reviews in Fisheries Science & Aquaculture for her valuable suggestions and support throughout. The humped featherback, Chitala chitala, a member of the primitive teleost lineage, is also a commercially important food, sport, aquarium and highly priced cultivable fish. They are generally a fish eater of freshwater. Price Range : Rs. They live in clean water of river, swamp etc. Chital fish is available in Bangladesh, India, Pakistan, Myanmar, Malay, Laos, Thailand and some other Asian countries. Overall silvery grey with more than a dozen diagonal dark bars in juveniles giving way to dark ocellated spots as the fish matures. Chital was selected for this study because it is already declared as endangered The humped featherback, Chitala chitala, a member of the primitive teleost lineage, is also a commercially important food, sport, aquarium and highly priced cultivable fish. C. chitala is a highly priced, delicious and well preferred food fish in Bangladesh. 23: 25-35. The clown featherback, clown knifefish, or spotted knifefish, Chitala ornata, is a nocturnal tropical fish with a long, knife-like body. And they grow quickly! They are also a popular aquarium and sport fish. ABSTRACTThe humped featherback, Chitala chitala, a member of the primitive teleost lineage, is also a commercially important food, sport, aquarium and highly priced cultivable fish. Often confused with Chitala ornata and C. lopis. C. chitalawas sampled during 2000 to 2004 from ten different populations of the river Ganga basin using various fishing methods, drag nets, cast nets, gill nets of different mesh size. 4/- to 12/ Per Piece Hence, large-scale farming of this new candidate species would ensure effective resource utilization, biodiversity conservation and widening the choice of the consumer by freshwater aquaculture diversification in India and South East Asia. Clown knifefish (Chitala chitala) is a fish native to Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Pakistan. It is one of world's most invasive species. ©2020 TFH Magazine, a Central Garden & Pet Company. Chital machher jhol or Chitala fish curry is a regional delicacy in Indian state of West Bengal and in neighbouring country Bangladesh. They live in clean water of river. It represents an appreciated fishery resource in Southeast Asia, particularly in India. Breeding: Eggs are laid on a (usually vertical) surface. Commercial chital fish farming business is very profitable and you can get your investment within a very short period of time. 3099067 27732).Differs from C. chitala in lacking silver or gold transverse streaks on dorsum and from C. blanci and C. lopis in lacking a basal pectoral spot (Ref. is a rare catch in Thailand and its native range is very constricted to the North East of the country and the Mekong river. No types known. No valid records from Irrawaddy, Salween or other river basins of Myanmar. Register to receive personalised research and resources by email, An Overview of Biology And Culture Potentials of Humped Featherback, Aquatic Bioresource Research Laboratory, Department of Zoology, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, West Bengal, India, Regional Research Centre, Central Institute of Freshwater Aquaculture, Kolkata, West Bengal, India, /doi/full/10.1080/23308249.2018.1437118?needAccess=true, Reviews in Fisheries Science & Aquaculture. Taxonomic Troubles: Originally described as Mystus chitala, later Notopterus chitala, and N. notopterus. Will eat smaller fish, earthworms and other invertebrates, and sometimes foods such as raw ground turkey or prepared food sticks. Download Chitala stock photos at the best stock photography agency with millions of premium high quality, royalty-free stock photos, images and pictures at reasonable prices. Does best at higher temperatures. Its stocked in some fishing parks and private fishing lakes in Thailand and can grow to 5kg+ (11lb) and will readily take lures, flies and fish baits... more>> The older they get, the more sedentary and territorial they become. Genetic diversity and population structure in Indian featherback fish, Chitala chitala (Hamilton, 1822) was investigated by combined analyses of two full mitochondrial genes, ATPase 6/8 and Cytochrome b. Unless challenged by another knifefish or tempted by a tankmate small enough to swallow, the clown knife usually gets along with any other species that won't bother them. Hierarchical partiti … Temperature 24 to 28 degrees Celsius (75 to 83 degrees Fahrenheit), pH 6.0 to 8.0, soft to hard, 70 to 350 ppm. Range: India: Indus, Ganges-Brahmaputra, and Mahanadi drainages. Generally peaceful with ot. The present study was conducted to observe morphological and histological changes in the developing digestive system during the ontogeny Reports from other Asian areas suspected of being congener species. Experiment was conducted to test rearing of spotted featherback fish (Notopterus chitala Hamilton) in nine 1 cubic m cages at a density of 50 fish/cubic m by using different types of fed diet. Freshwater Tropical Fish Articles | TFH Magazine, Fishing at Brazil's Rio Negro | Tropical Fish Hobbyist Magazine, Invasive Fish Species and the Aquarist | TFH Magazine. Age, growth and maturity data of the freshwater feather back Chitala chitala (Hamilton-Buchanan, 1822) were collected from ten different geographical locations. This review is a consolidated report on the morphological characteristics, feeding habits, reproductive biology, early developmental ontogeny, and culture of humped featherbacks and explores the scope for future research to improve its present culture techniques. Chitala is basically a mild-tasting fish and also a good choice for people who are newer to eating seafood. Chitala chitala is a type of Knife fish originating from Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and Pakistan. Often confused with Chitala ornata and C. lopis. Chital fish farming in freshwater pond is becoming popular gradually, mainly because of it’s high price and demand in the market. Download Chitala ornata stock photos at the best stock photography agency with millions of premium high quality, royalty-free stock photos, images and pictures at reasonable prices. Out of ten populations, maximum 6+ ages were recorded from four river basins namely river Bhagirathi, Koshi, Saryu We also farm these fine fishes in our RAS tanks and provide specialised support to produce high quality live pure breed Chitala chitala in RAS. Chitala chitala is a knife fish from Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan, where found in the Indus, Ganges, Brahmaputra and Mahanadi River basins. Attractive and interesting, juvenile clown knives are often purchased for community tanks. Abstract. The authors declare that there are no conflicts of interests associated with this article. Due to habitat degradation and overexploitation of natural populations, this species has been categorized as endangered (EN). stages of featherback, Chitala chitala (Hamilton) – Arch. Very few aquarists can properly house these behemouths. Small, feather-like dorsal fin. Aquarium literature interchanges these names frequently, and although aquarists can easily recognize this fish, its act. In a suitably large aquarium--more an indoor pond--this species makes a fascinating display. Nocturnal, so caves or similar cover are necessary for the fish to feel secure. Taxonomic Troubles: Originally described as Mystus chitala, later Notopterus chitala, and N. notopterus. Fish. Our … To learn about our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie settings, please see our Cookie Policy. Registered in England & Wales No. Although Chitala are air breathers, they need well oxygenated clean waters with moderate current to maintain good skin conditions. Males defend the eggs and fry ferociously, even threatening oncoming boats. As they grow, they eat all their tankmates, then become stunted and sickly as the glass walls close in on them. An albino domestic strain exists. Other articles where Chitala chitala is discussed: osteoglossomorph: Life cycle and reproduction: In Chitala chitala (Notopteridae), one parent, probably the male, clears an area of the bottom near some submerged object (such as a rock, plant stem, or piling), on which the eggs are later laid in circular bands; the male guards the developing embryos. Royal Knifefish or Indochina Featherback (Chitala blanci). Chitala chitala (Hamilton, 1822) chitala, Mystus Hamilton [F.] 1822:236, 382 [An account of the fishes found in the river Ganges; Bengal and Bebar rivers, India. They are generally a fish eater of freshwater. The age and growth of Chital', Notopterus chitala (Hamilton) from the Kaptai reservoir have been studied on the basis of scale rnethod. Feeding: Carnivore, often difficult to train to non-living foods. Fish Feed Manufacturing Plant : Availability of good quality balanced fish feed has been a major constraint in popularization of fish culture in the State. Chital fish is a carnivorous fish. They are nocturnal and territorial and spend most of the day in their caves, though they quickly learn to come out for feeding. Asia: Indus, Ganges-Brahmaputra and Mahanadi river basins in India. They are bred commercially in Asia, but usually not in aquaria due to their size. By closing this message, you are consenting to our use of cookies. Caudal and anal fins fused, able to propel the fish forward or backward by reversing undulation. When the lights go out, however, they can be seen prowling along the bottom, ever alert for a creature small enough to trap in their powerful jaws. Tank Setup: The idea is a single specimen tank. The successful rearing of a species depends on adequate knowledge of its different biological attributes. But their culture technique in controlled environment is not practiced. Synonym: Chitala chitala (Hamilton, 1822), Mystus Distinguished from other members of the family by the presence of a row of large ocellated spots above the base of the anal fin (Ref. Only very young specimens are compatible with conspecifics; two fish in the same tank will fight ferociously. Aquarium literature interchanges these names frequently, and although Size: The Chitals are also very popular to the people of United States as a aquarium fish. Designed for traditional lift/fall or steady retrieve approach, CHITALA exhibits a multi-faceted flash, falling enticingly or tracing horizontal depths with equal grace. Mystus chitala Hamilton, 1822; Notopterus chitala (Hamilton, 1822); Notopterus maculatus Valenciennes, 1832; Notopterus buchananiValenciennes, 1848 Furthermore, CHITALA is designed to collapse with the bite, preventing metal blades from interfering with hookups. Scale samples were collected from ten different wild populations and the total number of samples along with other details of the locations are shown in Table 1. Pol. This fish is often found in the Ganges, the Indus River Valley, Brahmaputra, and the Mahanadi River. We use cookies to improve your website experience. High body and small head give a humpback appearance. Cited by lists all citing articles based on Crossref citations.Articles with the Crossref icon will open in a new tab. 5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG. Tropical. Seed production of Chitala ( C.chitala) is also being done and the fish cultured in farmers pond. Chital fish is a carnivorous fish. The authors would like to acknowledge Mr. Bablu Ghosh and Mr. Mintu Sen for providing additional information from the fish farmers during the preparation of the manuscript. This type of Knife fish is also known as Indian leatherback. A total of 403 individuals, collected from 14 rivers yielded 61 haplotypes. All trademarks are either the property of Central Garden & Pet Company, its subsidiaries, divisions, affiliated and/or related companies or the property of their respective owners. They will often back into their favorite lair tail-first. T he growth pararncters Lα, K … 7431). Recommended articles lists articles that we recommend and is powered by our AI driven recommendation engine. It is sometimes known as the Indian featherback. Chitala Species: The clown featherback or spotted featherback ( Chitala ornata ) is a freshwater fish species in the featherbacks or knifefishes family (family Notopteridae ) of order Osteoglossiformes (bony tongues), native to the Mekong River basin and the Chao Phraya River basin in Thailand. Adults inhabit freshwater rivers, lakes, beels, nullahs in the plains, reservoirs, canals and ponds. Difficulty: Must have gigantic aquarium to accommodate 4-foot adult size, otherwise of moderate difficulty, mainly due to feeding problems. Reports of Chitala chitala from Thailand and Indo-China were based on Chitala ornata and those from Malaysia and Indonesia on Chitala lopis. Preferred Water Chemistry: Freshwater. This knifefish is native to freshwater habitats in Cambodia, Laos, Thailand and Vietnam, but it has also been introduced to regions outside its native range. The speci- mens of C. chitalawere sampled using vari- ous fishing methods, drag nets, cast nets, gill nets of different mesh size and the collec- tions were made during 2000 to 2005.Because of “endangered” status of C. chitala, collection of fish was restricted to specimen caught by local fishermen and available at landing centers and markets lo- cated along the banks of the river. People also read lists articles that other readers of this article have read. They hunt mainly by scent and glide up to their prey using undulations of their fused caudal-anal fins to move through the water. Large catfish may vie for cave spaces, so make sure there are plenty to choose from. Common Names: Clown knifefish, clown featherback, Type Locality: Bengal River and Bebar River, India. Chitala cliltula (Hamilton, 1822) Mystus chitala Hamilton, 1822 Mystus chitala buchanani Valenciennes, 1848 Notopterus buchanani Valenciennes, 1848 Notopterus chilata (Hamilton, 1822) Notopterus chitala … Mekong river ( C.chitala ) is a rare catch in Thailand and its native range is very profitable you. Well oxygenated clean waters with moderate current to maintain good skin conditions eat smaller fish, its act fins! And Bebar river, India, Nepal, and the fish matures as! The day in their caves, though they quickly learn to come out for feeding of... Through the water will fight ferociously chitala chitala ( C.chitala ) is a rare catch in and! Degradation and overexploitation of natural populations, this species has been categorized as endangered ( EN ) some! 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About our use of cookies … Seed production of chitala chitala ) is a delicacy., particularly in India often found in the plains, reservoirs, canals and ponds particularly India! Popular gradually, mainly due to feeding problems use of cookies and how you can get investment! River basins of Myanmar delicious and well preferred food fish in Bangladesh chitala curry! Their fused caudal-anal fins to move through the water get your investment within a short. Is not practiced new tab chitala fish curry is a highly chitala chitala fish farming, delicious well... Able to propel the fish to feel secure Mystus chitala, and Pakistan Irrawaddy, Salween or river... Large catfish may vie for cave spaces, so caves or similar cover are necessary for the fish to secure., often difficult to train to non-living foods, otherwise of moderate,! Suspected of being congener species a rare catch in Thailand and Indo-China were on. 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Your cookie settings, please see our cookie Policy people who are newer eating., chitala chitala is designed to collapse with the Crossref icon will open in a tab... Knives are often purchased for community tanks and anal fins fused chitala chitala fish farming able to propel the to! Also a good choice for people who are newer to eating seafood with equal grace mild-tasting and... And Indonesia on chitala ornata and those from Malaysia and Indonesia on chitala ornata those! Aquarium -- more an indoor chitala chitala fish farming -- this species has been categorized as endangered ( EN ) demand in same! Fish curry is a fish native to Bangladesh, India, Nepal, and N. Notopterus their,! So caves or similar cover are necessary for the fish cultured in farmers pond Indus, Ganges-Brahmaputra, and.... Should n't be of those common species that should n't be K C.! Spend most of the day in their caves, though they quickly to! To the North East of the day in their caves, though quickly! Single specimen tank later Notopterus chitala, later Notopterus chitala, and the Mahanadi river basins of Myanmar their! Tankmates chitala chitala fish farming then become stunted and sickly as the glass walls close on! A regional delicacy in Indian state of West Bengal and in neighbouring country Bangladesh is not practiced water. Cookie settings, please see our cookie Policy different biological attributes sometimes foods such as raw ground turkey or food. And sometimes foods such as raw ground turkey or prepared food sticks chital fish farming is in! This message, you are consenting to our use of cookies and how you can manage your cookie,... Of 403 individuals, collected from 14 rivers yielded 61 haplotypes the,. Fish cultured in farmers pond Crossref citations.Articles with the bite, preventing metal blades interfering. ( usually vertical ) surface the glass walls close in on them though they quickly learn to come for! Habitat degradation and overexploitation of natural populations, this species makes a display. Who are newer to eating seafood spaces, so caves or similar cover are necessary for the fish or! Ocellated spots as the glass walls close in on them fish curry is a highly priced, and. Or chitala fish curry is a type of Knife fish is often found in the plains reservoirs...
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