Maintaining Your Compost: Keep your compost well aerated to prevent foul odours or methane. You might also find that setting up a composting system opens your eyes to the amount of food that gets wasted, and makes you rethink your next shopping list. COSTA GEORGIADIS: Ah, compost! Congratulations! Another option is to poke garden stakes or plastic pipes through the heap to allow air in. Prevent pests by either sitting the bin on wire aviary mesh or bury the base 10cm deep into the soil. The first thing you will want to make sure of is that any composting toilet you look at meets Australian standards. Turn your compost with a garden fork on a weeky basis. The Good Living blog comes to you from the South Australian Department for Environment and Water. Space to play or pause, M to mute, left and right arrows to seek, up and down arrows for volume. Composting basics Costa has a simple rule of thumb for getting your compost bin to work well. Composting Tips By finely chopping up organic materials you greatly increase the surface area available to the micro-organisms that decompose your compost. Add a layer of coarse, dry material, like sticks, to encourage air circulation. Of course you can put your organic waste in your green council bin to be collected and turned into mulch and other products. Rule of thumb, you want about two parts of the brown team to one part of your green team and use your nose as a guide. Composting Everything you ever needed to know about mulch Here’s everything you need to know to choose the right mulch for your garden. Uses of compost. Composting Toilets are designed to ensure the correct levels of moisture, temperature, oxygen, carbon and nitrogen required to achieve good composting. Composting Banana Peels. Got compost? Add a layer of coarse, dry material, like sticks, to encourage air circulation. The best way to do this is to just douse your compost pile with water a few extra times during the summer. Spray Liquid Bokashi into the mixture and let it decompose for a specific period. Once a month, or when you think of it, add a handful of lime. Over the course of a year or so, the material will decompose. Once you have the right ingredients, composting is simply a matter of knowing how to get started. Kitchen scraps are typically high in nitrogen, which helps heat up the compost pile and speed up the composting process. Cold composting is as simple as collecting yard waste or taking out the organic materials in your trash (such as fruit and vegetable peels, coffee grounds and filters, and eggshells) and then corralling them in a pile or bin. Your compost is ready to use! List of articles on growing edibles, shrubs, trees with productivity and minimal environmental impacts- water conservation, fertility, mulch, compost. If you have more room you can opt for a compost pile or bay, or even several bays for compost at different stages. Water - Having the right amount of water, greens, and browns is important for compost development. Once it's full, leave it and wait. Here are some quick and easy ways to start composting so you can turn your vegetable, fruit and garden scraps into black gold. Composting Coffee Grounds. The Australian standard you want to look for is the AS1546.2. What are the benefits of composting? It can also reduce the need to add fertiliser and make your plants more resistant to disease. Some gardeners say you should avoid adding meat and bones unless you have a larger compost system. For details about how your personal information will be handled by the ABC, please see our Privacy Collection Statement, FAQs - Fertilising Potted Plants | Bumpy Lemons | Mulch for Succulents. Here’s how Kangaroo Island’s western whipbird is faring. Using compost improves soil structure, texture, and aeration and increases the soil’s water-holding capacity. Start with a base layer of twigs, mulch or old potting mix to encourage air circulation and provide drainage. Benefits the Environment. Never lay the material in a trench and do not use containers which are closed on all sides. The compost needs an ‘earth connection', so that earthworms and small organisms can penetrate it. MYTH - you can't compost onions, citrus and tea leaves. And then, you've got the green team, made up of your garden clippings, your vegetable scraps and that provides food for the bacteria to help break it down. The heavy-duty 100% recycled plastic compost bin from PlantCraft is for homeowners looking for a more… What not to add Don’t add meat or fish scraps, or prawn or crab shells (dig a deep hole and bury them instead – they’re great for the soil). The key point to remember is it doesn't have to be expensive, it doesn't have to be complicated and you can do it anywhere. Once a week or so, aerate your pile using a compost crank or garden fork. For you super keen composters who want to speed up the process, have a go at some of these techniques. Seaweed in Compost. Best of all, compost is cheap. Buy at amazon. And a little rock dust will get the worms working and provide some micronutrients. After between two and six months, the compost will be ready to go. Interested in the impact of wild weather on SA’s coastline? There are several tutorials online where you can make your own compost bin or you can buy a worm bin. Otherwise place garden stakes or pipes through the heap to allow air in. There are two broad categories that you can put in your compost bin or pile – green and brown. By starting a compost system in your backyard, you can create a rich and valuable resource for your garden and divert kitchen scraps away from landfill. You can find a step-by-step fact sheet on our website so check that out too. Before you start piling on, recognize that there are two types of composting: cold and hot. Follow with layers of green and brown material — say garden clippings and kitchen scraps, then leaves and wet paper. The compost is ready for use when it’s a rich brown colour and crumbles easily. Anything else from the kitchen scrap bin goes straight into the compost. It'll take about two to three months so check your brew and when the bigger pieces have broken down, it'll be ready to go. A DIY compost bin is one of the best things you can do for your garden, writes Adele Palfreeman. Things like tea leaves, they're also good to go in here. Compost is one of nature’s best mulches and soil amendments, and you can use it instead of commercial fertilizers. Remember that the smaller the items are, the faster they will decompose. Tips 1-3 What You Should (and Shouldn't) Compost 1. Try not to let a single material dominate your compost pile. If you would prefer not to log in you can still make a comment by selecting 'I'd rather post as a guest' after entering your name and email address. From elaborately woven structures to scrappy piles of twigs, birds’ nests are fascinating. You can! Here are some simple tips to get you started on turning your kitchen and garden waste into what some gardeners call ‘black gold’: For smaller backyards, static or tumbling compost bins are good options. Brown materials are things like straw, paper and cardboard, dry leaves, woody prunings and sawdust (but not from treated wood). Every now and again, add a handful of poultry manure or blood and bone, sprinkled onto a dry layer to provide a boost of nitrogen. Don’t throw away your kitchen scraps — add them to the compost pile. HOW TO ... SET UP A GENERIC CONE-SHAPED COMPOST BIN, Brown material is moistened cardboard, egg containers, shredded paper (not glossy paper), straw, hay, sugarcane mulch, dry leaves etc. You can make it without spending a cent. For kitchen scraps like orange skins and egg shells simply take a little extra time to dice or crush them up before adding to the compost. A simple rule of thumb is to use one-third green and two-thirds brown materials. Shoot for 50-50 green and brown. Making Compost with Grass Clippings. Green material is garden clippings, grass clippings, vegie scraps, green leaves etc. It can take anywhere from 14 days to 12 months to produce your finished compost. We are here to help inspire and inform you so you can make a difference in your life and world. For more information and recycling tips be sure to check out my blog post How to Recycle Paper the Right Way! 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